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January 11, 2009


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Thiruvathirai adai-kali-kootu-recipe

In this post, lets see how to make Thiruvathirai kali, kootu and adai recipes with step by step pictures and video for making thiruvathirai kali. Before that, lets see the significance of Thiruvathirai. 
Significance of Arudra darshan
Soure:wiki and google 

Arudhra Darshan or Arudara Darshan is observed in the Tamil month of Margazhi (December – January). In our house, we celebrate this festival by offereing Thiruvathirai kali, adai and 7 kai kootu with mixed vegetables to Lord Shiva. It is essentially a Shaivite festival and celebrates the cosmic dance of Lord Shiva, which is represented by the Nataraja form. Arudra festival is celebrated with fervor in Lord Shiva temples in Tamil Nadu, Sri Lanka, Singapore, Malaysia, South Africa, Australia and in other parts of the world by Tamil speaking population. Arudhra signifies the golden red flame and Shiva performs in the form of this red-flamed light. 

The cosmic dance of Lord Shiva represents five activities – Creation, Protection, Destruction, Embodiment and Release. In essence, it represents the continuous cycle of creation and destruction.Arudra Darshan celebrates this ecstatic dance of Lord Shiva.

It takes place on the full moon night in the month of Margazhi and this is also the longest night in a year. The festival is mainly observed in the Tamil speaking world.The most important Arudhra Darshan festival takes place at the Chidambaram Shiva Temple in Tamil Nadu. Most of the temples around the world with Lord Nataraja as deity perform the Arudhra Darshan.

As per the Puranaas, on this day Lord Shiva has shown this blissful dance that energizes this world to two of his devotees - Vyagrapadha and Adisesha (on whom Lord Vishnu Reside). Hence this day is celebrated, in appreciation of the cosmic dance of Lord Shiva, by offering Prayers to the Nataraja aspect of the Lord.

Special prayers are held on the day at all Shiva temples. Milk, honey, water, sandal paste and other cooling liquids are offered to Lord Shiva on this day. This is to cool a burning and turbulent Shiva who is performing the Tandava – the cosmic dance of Nataraja. Special abhishekam, rituals and celebrations are held on the night of Thiruvathirai.

In our house, we celebrate this festival by offering kali , 7 kai kootu and adai to Lord Nataraja. We tie a yellow rope in our hands.We also draw maakolam all over our house. My MIL draws a procession car(Thaer)with shivalingam in the center and keep it in Pooja room as idol. I’ve attached the photo of our Pooja room with all the offerings in the end of this page! Do have a look.


Thiruvathirai kali

Please watch the video for better understanding :)

Thiruvathirai kali

Thiruvathirai kali Thiruvathirai kali recipe
Cuisine: Indian Category: Sweet Yields: 4
Prep Time: 10 Minutes Cook Time: 20 Minutes Total Time: 30 Minutes


Please check THIS LINK for latest kali recipe with video.
1 cup - 250ml
  • Raw rice – 1/2 cup
  • Moong Dal – 1.5 tbsp
  • Cardamom –  3 nos (crushed)
  • Water – 1.5 to 2 cups 
  • Cashew nuts – 4-5 nos
  • Ghee – 1 tbsp.
  • Grated Coconut – 1/4 cup
For jaggery syrup/Paagu:
  • Grated jaggery - 3/4 cup ( ratio of rice and jaggery should be 1:1.5)
  • Water - 1/4 cup

Please watch the video link given above for clear understanding !

  • Dry roast the moong dhal in a hot kadai till light golden brown(nice aroma comes). Set aside. Dry roast the rice in the same hot kadai till it puffs up slightly.
  • Now grind the rice & dal in the mixie (Run once or twice.It should be just broken like rava/semolina).
Thiruvathirai kali
  • Pressure cook rice and moong dal with the nentioned quantity of water & a drop of oil. Cook it for 1-2 whistles (rice should be separate). It shouldn’t be overcooked. Rice should be fluffy and separate. Set aside. No problem if the rice is slightly mushy. When it cools down, it will be separate..
  • Break the jaggery into pieces. Run the grated coconut in the mixie once or twice. Now take a bowl with the jaggery and put in very little water (should immerse).
  • Melt and make a syrup by keeping in medium flame. This is done to remove mud and stones in jaggery. After we make the syrup, strain it in a metal strainer.
Thiruvathirai kali
  • Now add the cooked rice to the syrup and a tsp of ghee. Mix well by keeping on the medium flame. Take care to stir continuously, so as not to charr/ burn. It gets thicken and rice will absorb all the syrup. Lastly add the grated coconut and fried cashews along with ghee. Switch off the flame.
Thiruvathirai kali
Thiruvathirai kali
    Note : Instead of making jaggery syrup, you can directly add the jaggery & grated coconut to the rice mixture if  your jaggery is pure.

    Shelf life : fresh or for 1 day.

Thiruvathirai adai recipe

Thiruvathirai adai recipe Thiruvathirai adai recipe using rice flour and jaggery
Cuisine: Indian Category: Sweet Yields: 2
Prep Time: 10 Minutes Cook Time: 20 Minutes Total Time: 30 Minutes

1cup - 250ml
  • Processed rice flour or readymade idiyappam flour – 1 cup
  • Water –  1 to 1.25 cups ( Water quantity may vary based on the rice flour you use)
  • Powdered Jaggery – 3/4 cup
  • Grated coconut – 2 tbsp
  • Cardamom – 3 nos
  • Ghee – 1 tbsp

  • Wash and Soak rice in water for 2 hrs. Drain the water and Spread the rice in a paper or cloth for 5-10 mins .Water content gets absorbed and rice will become dry with little moisture. Now grind it in the mixie till it becomes a nice powder. Add cardamom with the rice so that it will be grinded nicely.
  • Now sieve the rice flour and remove the coarse ones. Fry it in the dry kadai till vapour comes slightly. Set aside. Dry grind the coconut and keep apart.
  • For ready made rice flour, dry roast till vapour comes slightly. Do it for 1-2 minutes in medium flame. Please don’t roast too much as the adai may break. Remove as soon as vapour comes out. Now take the jaggery in a bowl & add 1 cup of water. Melt & strain the jaggery. Let it boil for sometime. Now simmer the flame and add the rice flour, cardamom powder and the grated coconut. Mix it well. 
Thiruvathirai adai
  • Make sure there are no lumps . The mixture will become thick and all the water gets absorbed into the rice flour. Remove from the flame and let it warm. Grease your hands with oil and knead well to make it soft.. Make balls of even size.
Thiruvathirai adai
  • Take a small polythene sheet or Plantain leaf. Spread the ball with hands and make it like Poori. We usually keep 7 nos for neivedyam. 
  • Heat a dosa tawa .Sprinkle some oil/ghee and put the adai into it. Cook till it becomes light golden brown. Cook it in med flame. Adai should not break. So cook carefully.
  • Flip it once. Cook for sometime and enjoy eating hot!!
Thiruvathirai adai
Note: On this day the most important thing is that this Adai shouldn’t break or crack. Its a kind of sentiment for us :)

Shelf life: 1 week. ( U can refrigerate the cooked dough and make adai at ur will)

  • I always use home made processed rice flour to make soft adai.
  • Adai will break if  you over roast the rice flour. It will crack an break if you roast in the dosa pan for longer time in low flame. So always do in medium flame
  • Sufficient quantity of water should be added while making the syrup.
  • Do not flip the adai very often as it may break.
  • If the dough is sticky, grease your hands with oil and pat the dough. Use oil generously whenever needed.



7 kai kootu 7 kai kootu for thiruvathirai
Cuisine: Indian Category: Sweet Yields: 4
Prep Time: 10 Minutes Cook Time: 20 Minutes Total Time: 30 Minutes

1 cup = 250ml
  • Vegetables (please refer notes) - 2 cups
  • Yellow moong dal - 2 tbsp
  • Tomato – 1 no
  • Salt – to taste
To grind
  • Grated coconut – 1/2 cup
  • Green chilli – 2 to 3 nos(medium size)
  • Jeera/Cumin seeds – 1 tsp
  • Rice flour Or corn flour - 1tsp
To temper
  • Mustard – 1/4 tsp
  • Urad dal- 1/2 tsp
  • Curry leaves – a sprig
  • Coconut oil – 1 tbsp

  • Cut all the vegetables and tomato in even size.
  • Pressure cook the vegetables ,tomato by adding dal, required salt and water .(Vegetables shouldn’t be mashed or overcooked). Keep it in high flame for 2 whistles. It will be perfectly cooked. 
Thiruvathirai kootu
  • Grind the coconut with green chilly and a tsp of rice flour to make a paste by adding water. Add jeera at the end and run once.
  • Add the ground mixture to the cooked veggies by keeping on the flame. Boil well for few minutes till it thickens.  Adjust the consistency by adding water if required..
Thiruvathirai kootu
  • Heat a kadai with a tbsp of coconut oil and temper with mustard, urad dal and curry leaves and add to the above mixture.
  • Delicious, healthy veg. kootu is ready!! Enjoy with kali or plain rice !


For the above recipe, I used 1/2 raw banana, 2 small colocasia, 1/4 piece of yam, 10 broad beans, 1/2 cup of cubed ash gourd and 1/2 sweet potato small sized, handful of mochai kottai.

U can also use other country vegetables like cluster beans, bittergourd, ladies finger, pumpkin etc to replace the above said vegetables.

Last but not the least here is our pooja room picture..
Thiruvathirai recipes

Hope you all enjoyed reading our thiruvathirai celebration. May the Lord bless us with all happiness and fortune!!

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Raks said...

Wow thats a great post,even I dint knew all these things...thanks for sharing info abt thiruvathirai:)

Chitra said...

Thanks a lot raji:)

Adlak's tiny world said...

hey such a wonderful post... gr8 yar... thanks for visiting my blog and lovely comment.

Yasmeen said...

Useful nutritional info .Like your space here,thanks for dropping at my place:)

Poonam said...

Rice kali and adai is new to me...shall give a try for sure..u have great info on nutrients too...good job!!!

Chitra said...

thanks hema,yasmeen and poonam for ur lovely comments:)

Nithya Praveen said...

Raji..thanks for the nice write up.At my place in India, we call it "Thiruvadirai" and the food is called "Kali and Thalagam",I jes got to know yesterday that my inlaws call it "Kali and Ezhukarikootu".Its a wonderful combo.I missed eating my mom made stuffs this:-(

Dibs said...

Thanks for calling me here! I really liked all the info you have posted, and the photos of puja room, kolams, sharadu and so on. It is a great way to learn all about our tradition! I like the Kitchen Clinic concept as well! Will be a frequent visitor now!

Gita Jaishankar said...

Hi, thank you very much for your comment, you have a wonderful this post and the story behind the dish, nice to your pooja room with offerings in banana leaf, I miss all those in US :)

Lakshmi said...

Very informative and yummy post dear. Good One. Trust you enjoyed feasting all those goodies

Chitra said...

Thank u nithya for sharing urs:)

Thanks dibs for ur encouraging comments and became a follower of my blog.Thanks a lot:)

Thank u gita for visiting mine and left a nice comment:)

Thanku so much lakshmi:)

EC said...

Very nice post...thanks for visiting my blog and leading me to urs

Unknown said...

v. nice informative post..
Rice adai is new to me...I loved your kali recipe..will try your way sometime..

Chitra said...

Thank u easy crafts...
thank u sowmya:)

lubnakarim06 said...

Thank you for dropping by my place and getting me introduced to your blog. Nice and yummy recipes. Deliciously long post with all tempting recipes....Will revisit soon.... Are you from Bangalore?

FH said...

Great post! Yummy array of food as well! :))

Vibaas said...

Very nice and informative post. First time here. u have a nice blog.

Chitra said...

Thanku kitchen flavours.Iam from b'lore:)
thanku asha for ur nice comment:)

thanks a lot vibaas:)

Myvegfare said...

That's a lovely post, makes me think of going back home.., loved it, nice detailed explanation dear thanks for sharing

Sindhu said...

Excellent post! Loved da details.....I hadnt even heard abt this festivity before I got married ...n had been looking out for a good picture of the kali n adai n an authentic recipe.....urs was just tht! All 3 dishes came out really well :) thanks to you! Appreciate all those details on thiruvadhirai as well... :)

Chitra said...

Thanks a lot Sindhu :)