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November 4, 2012

SUGAR SYRUP CONSISTENCIES FOR SWEETS | STAGES OF SUGAR & JAGGERY SYRUP WITH STEP BY STEP PICTURES – DIWALI SWEETS RECIPES

 
one string consistency
 
 
I wanted to post this for long time.. But i dint have the confidence to do it. Making sweets is always a night mare to me. Before my marriage ,i have seen my mom making Nei urundai , thenkuzhal  & thukkada for every diwali.My dad used to buy all the popular sweets from famous stalls and we enjoy eating varieties of sweets & savouries. After marriage , the story is just the reverse. My in-laws & my hubby never buy sweets from stalls for diwali because my MIL is a pro in making sweets. She can easily make badushah , adhirasam ,burfis, halwa etc and they taste out-of-the world.. It took almost 5 yrs for me to try sweets on my own.I started making some easy sweets like rava ladoo for last year diwali..
          We all know most of our Indian sweets are based on sugar & jaggery.The success of the sweet mainly depends on the consistency of syrup.So i would like to share the different stages of sugar & jaggery syrup and some tips to identify the right consistency which i learnt with the help of tips given by experts like Mrs. Mallika badrinath, Menu rani chellam . . I have tried my best to make u understand the various stages with step by step pics.. This post is purely for beginners like me & for my own reference.. Experts , please excuse & do share ur tips for better understanding. Smile
 
 
HOW TO PREPARE SUGAR SYRUP & REMOVE THE SCUM/DIRT
 
 
I used 1/2 cup ( 100 gms) of sugar & 1/4 cup of water .
  • Take a proper vessel of suitable size. Please do not use copper – bottom kadai or iron kadai because these vessels retain heat for long time and may change the consistency of the syrup even after taking out from the fire.Also iron kadai changes the color of the end product.If u r planning to use these vessels , its better to transfer the syrup to another vessel after the desired consistency is reached.
  • For lesser quantity of syrup  , use small or medium sized vessel.Now take the sugar in the bowl or kadai and add water just to cover it. Here i used 1/2 cup sugar & 1/4 cup water.The more water u add , more time is taken to reach the consistency.
Sugar scum tile1
  • Keep the fire in low ( Sim) and allow the sugar to dissolve completely by stirring well. Make sure there are no sugar crystals at the sides of the pan.Wipe them and add to the syrup.
  • Once the sugar is dissolved completely & started boiling add 2 tbsp of milk to remove the scum.Always keep the flame low.After few seconds , the scum floats on top. Remove using a perforated ladle. Finally strain the syrup using a strainer and discard the scum/ dirt.Now ur syrup looks clean..
sugar scum tile2
sugar scum tile3
  • Again keep in low fire and start to boil for various consistencies. After it started to boil , please do not stir or disturb. Over stirring will affect the correct consistency.



    DIFFERENT STAGES OF SUGAR SYRUP
     
    I have given the definition of each stage & the sweets which are made in that consistency.I have covered the most important stages with pictures. I am not able to check 3 string consistency as i cant bear the heat..My fingers started burning. So i poured the syrup in a small plate and proceeded further. I switched off the flame in each stage to take pictures .If u have any doubts in the pictures or steps , please comment it. I’ll try to clear them..
    Please keep in mind the time taken for the syrup to reach consistencies varies based on the vessel we use , flame and the amount of water we add to sugar..

    Take the required amount of sugar in a bowl/kadai and add water to cover the sugar. Here i used 1 cup of sugar and 1/2 cup of water . I added more water to make the syrup reach the consistencies very slowly.
    sugar syrup tile1
    THIN SYRUP :This is the first stage . The sugar dissolves completely , clears & it gets a shine. After removing the scum , the syrup boils and gets a shine.In this stage the syrup wont be sticky just shiny .This stage is not required for any sweets.So it is not much important. For beginners ,keep the flame low always
    STICKY SYRUP : This is the second stage.Here the sugar syrup becomes little thick.Take little syrup in a ladle and touch it with ur  fore finger.When u slide the thumb over fore finger , it feels sticky. This is used for Gulab jamun.
    HALF – STRING CONSISTENCYIn this stage , when u test between ur thumb and fore finger , it strings & cuts off immediately.This syrup is used for jangiri , jilebi , Kajas,gulgul .Some people say sticky & half string consistencies are similar.So both can be used to make gulab jamun.In the below picture , hope u can see the string is cutting..

    sugar syrup tile2

    ONE- STRING CONSISTENCY
    This is the most important stage . Here a thin long string is formed up to 1- 2 inches when tested in between thumb and fore finger.One more way to check the syrup is : pour the syrup in a small plate with water. It wont dissolve immediately and when u try to gather the syrup , it will be dissolved.Kaju katli, badam burfi , Thosha , badushah, mysore pak are made in this syrup.Refer the cover picture too..

    sugar syrup tile3

    TWO STRING CONSISTENCY Two strings are formed when tested between fingers. Generally this syrup crystallizes very soon . So sweets which require a sugar coated look need this consistency.cashew burfi ,boondi ladoo, mohanthal  is made in this consistency..

    sugar syrup tile8

    THREE STRING CONSISTENCY
    Here string becomes thicker and when tested , string is formed in 2 , 3 places..Dhal burfi requires this syrup..Sugar crystallizes very soon in this stage.


    GATHERING CONSISTENCY
    Pour little syrup in water , it can be gathered using ur fingers but u cant make a ball ..It is required for some burfis and boondi ladoo can also be made in this consistency ..
    sugar syrup tile4

    SOFT BALL CONSISTENCY
    Pour a small amount of syrup in a plate of water. If rolled with fingers , syrup should form a small ball in the water itself..U cant take the ball in ur finger.This is used for adhirasam & pori urundai.

    sugar syrup tile7

    HARD BALL CONSISTENCY
    When u pour syrup into the water & roll it , u should be able to make a ball and if u drop the ball u’ll get a “tung” sound.The color of the ball is changed. This is used to make “peanut chikkis/ kadalai mittai “. I tested the sound by dropping it in the plate Winking smile

    sugar syrup tile6

    The remaining stages are soft crack , hard crack & golden brown caramel( last stage) . As we don’t need them for making sweets , i have not discussed here..They are used for making toffees..


     
    STAGES OF JAGGERY SYRUP
    Jaggery syrup is almost the same as sugar syrup. The widely used consistency is soft ball & hard ball stage which is used for making adhirasam,pori urundai & peanut chikki . So i have given the pictures for those stages alone. For making syrup, add very little water just to cover the jaggery.This helps in reaching the consistency faster..
    jaggery syrup tile1
    • After the jaggery is melted completely , strain it to remove impurities and again allow it to boil.It becomes frothy.At one stage , it becomes thick like honey and when u pour it , the last few drops drop very slowly forming a string.
    jaggery syrup tile2
    • Now pour this syrup in a plate with little water.U’ll be able to gather and make a small ball.This ball has no proper shape.This is the right stage for making adhirasam. Add this syrup to the rice flour , make dough and proceed.
    jaggery syrup tile3
    • For hard ball stage, allow the jaggery to boil for few more seconds. It will thicken. When u pour few drops on a plate with water and gather , it will roll and u can make a hard ball.If u drop the ball , u’ll get a “tung” sound..

    jaggery syrup tile4

    NOTE
    • Once the sugar is dissolved completely , do not keep stirring. Over stirring will affect the right consistency.Keep the flame low and stir if needed.
    • After the sticky stage (pisukku padam) is reached , the half string consistency is reached within a minute Stay alert.
    • Similarly one string is also reached within few seconds. The consistency should be checked when the syrup is hot . when the syrup becomes warm , it will reach the next stage and may cheat u. So i checked by pouring over the stove plate and dipped with my wet finger. Also ur finger should not be too watery.For safer side, check by pouring the syrup in little water and see if it forms a thread.
    • The  time taken to reach the consecutive stages is very less. The total process gets over by 15 mins in low flame.
    • When u feel u have missed the correct stage , just switch off the flame  , add little water , mix well and proceed again to get the perfect stage.
    • For dry jamun, badusha, jangiri .. by the time u dip them the sugar may crystallize. To avoid this add few drops of lime juice . OR add little water , boil it and again make the syrup.

        I’ve tried my best to explain the stages according to my understanding.Take this as reference and try.I'll try to upload an video.. U can surely get them by practice because if i can make, anyone can make it easily Winking smile

        Here is the link for the video for different stages of sugar and jaggery syrup.




        27 comments:

        1. Very useful post Chitra. Well explained

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        2. Omg, chitra wonderful job dear, beautifully explained and definitely very useful for many of us.

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        3. You have done a very wonderful job. Nice way to explain. It will surely be very helpful for the starters. I also took long years to learn this, since I used to just read it or hear it that we have to make a particular consistency syrup, but no visual explanation. Real great job, keep it up.

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        4. I can keep this page for my reference always.hats off to you...u have worked hard.thank u.

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        5. Thats a beautiful post chitra..good work

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        6. Great job Chitra, wonder and useful post, well explained. Bookmarked :)

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        7. Chitra, I think even teachers will not share such elaborate instruction! The post has got so much of details!

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        8. This is a class for food science students. Great job.

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        9. Very useful post and a great job done.Do keep on posting these kind of useful posts.

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        10. Very useful post :) should be helping a lot

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        11. Thats very informative!very useful for reluctatnt sweet makers

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        12. Very informative post I read it twice. Good Job !!

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        13. Thats a very useful post dear... Great jobseekers

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        14. very informative and useful post!! love this one!!
          Sowmya
          Ongoing Event - CWF - Whole Wheat Flour

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        15. Thanks a lot friends.. @ jingalala-mangala, therincho theriyamalo oru unmaiya soliteenga. I was a lecturer in college. Thats y i've given such an elaborate post, konjam bore thaan .. hehe ;)

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        16. thks for the elaborate explanation.One question about the consistency. in 1 stiring stage u say when poured over water a thread is formed. Is it the outline ur refering as thread. please clarify . thanks once again.

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        17. @luz , Its not only the outline , when u drop the syrup in the plate , it wont dissolve and it forms a thread like thing. just try moving the syrup , it wont dissolve immediately..I'll try to post a clear picture for that..

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        18. dear i tried this but mine jaggery syrup went toooooo watery wat should i do can u help me for making suliyan

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          Replies
          1. Hi , If u add more water to the jaggery , ur syrup will take too much time to thicken. Always add water just to cover the jaggery. ie , jaggery should be slightly immersed in water. For suzhiyan , i think u r asking abt the pooranam/ stuffing. For stuffing , please refer this link.Here i have posted on how to make pooranam for kozhukattai. We make the sam stuffing for suzhiyan too. Please mail me if u have any doubts further..Mail me @ chitra.ganapathy@gmail.com.. Please refer the below link for channa dal pooran for making suzhiyan..:)

            http://www.chitrasfoodbook.com/2012/09/kozhukattai-step-by-step-recipes-ganesh.html

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