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March 12, 2016

Karadaiyan Nombu Pooja Procedure

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Karadaiyan nombu procedure

Karadaiyan Nombu/Nonbu is a traditional festival of fasting observed in remembrance of the Satyavan – Savitri legend. As it is an important festival of India, I thought of sharing its pooja procedure/Pooja vidhi and the timings for pooja for beginners. I wanted to keep a record of all our festival celebrations in my blog for my future reference. So I started with this festival. There is a story/Katha behind this festival. I have shared it in detail below. Click this link for nonbu adai recipe ( Sweet adai and salt adai) for neivedyam. A princess, Savitri through her devotion saved her husband, Satyavan, from death. So this festival is also known as Savitri vratam in Tamil / Savitri Vrat in Hindi. On this day, Women observe fasting and pray for the wellness and long life of their husbands. This nonbu/vrat should be done exactly in the time when Tamil month 'Masi' ends and the next month 'Panguni' starts.I have shared the nonbu timings for different parts of world below. Please check it.Fast is observed from the sunrise on the supposed transition day and ends with the Puja.Women break the fast by eating the Karadai (Made of Rice & dal) preparation with unmelted butter by chanting a slokha.
In short, the reason why this fasting is carried out is that “ Savithri fought with yema (the God of Death) to save her husband's (Satyavan) life", the same way the married women should fast on this auspicious day for long life of their husbands. Unmarried woman also observe Karadaiyan Nombu and pray to Goddess to get good men as their husband.Prayers are offered to Gowri Devi and women meditate on Savitiri and wear a yellow thread round their neck as they chant the following slokha/slokam.
Throram Krishhnami subhake saharitham
Dharami aham bharthu
Ayushya Sidhartham supreethabhava sarvadha

The following is the Tamil chant

Urukaadha Venneyum oradaiyam naan nootren
Orukkalum en kanavar ennai vittu pririyadhirukka vendum

"உருகாத வெண்ணெயும் ,ஓர் அடையும் நோற்று உனக்கு நான்  வைத்தேன் ,எந்நாளும் என் கணவர் எனை விட்டு நீங்காத அருள் தருவாய்" என்று  அம்மனை நோக்கி வேண்டி நமஸ்கரிக்கவும்.

which means I offer butter and the rice made out of kaar arisi.Bless me that I live happily with my husband for long.

Karadaiyan nonbu adai


Story of Karadayan Nombu

Savithri was a princess of a rich kingdom in ancient India.She was born as the daughter of King Asrapathi. She was the only child of her parents. When she attained the age of marriage, she told her father that she would herself search for a suitable husband for her.She wished to marry Sathyavan who lived in the forest. Despite being warned by the palace astrologer that he would die within a year of marriage, she married Sathyavan. Days passed and the last day of Satyavan's life as per the prediction dawned. On that day, Satyavan made Savitri sit under a tree and went to fetch fruits and logs for fuel. After sometime, he returned feeling very tired. Savitri made him lie in a bed made of fresh green leaves keeping his head in her lap. As Satyavan started closing his eyes, there appeared in front of Savitri, a huge figure with a bison as his vahana. Savitri with her dedication and devotion could immediately recognize the figure as Yama, the God of death.
She immediately saluted him and asked him the purpose of his visit. Yama replied that as destined Satyavan's life span was over and he had come to take his life to the other world. Saying this Yama started walking away with Satyavan's soul. Savitri left the body of the lifeless Satyavan under the tree and started following Yama. Yama forbade her from following him, saying she could not follow him to the other world, as Yama loka was inaccessible to living beings. Only souls of dead beings are taken there. Savitri insisted on following her husband’s soul. Yama could not stop her from following him. At last, Yama agreed to grant her three wishes on condition that she would go back. She agreed. She asked as the first boon, that her in-laws get back their lost kingdom which Yama granted readily. For the second wish she asked that, as she was the only child of her parents, they get more children. This was also granted by Yama immediately. As the last wish, she asked that she should have many children which also was granted by Yama in his eagerness to get rid of her. Only after granting this wish,  Yama realized that he had been tricked into granting Satyavan life, as a pious and pathivratha (chaste) woman like Savitri cannot have children if Satyavan were to be dead. Yama had to accept his defeat and restore the life of Satyavan. Savitri came back to the tree where she had left the lifeless body of Satyavan. By the blessings of Yama, Satyavan woke up as if from his sleep and Savitri narrated the happenings to him. To offer her gratitude to the Gods, Savitri immediately made a simple neivedyam with available things on hand, Rice & dals and tied the mangala sutra once again as her husband had got back his life. Her offerings were durwa grass and peepal leaves.She performed neivedhyam with wild rice and toor dal. That is kaar arisi and thuvaram paruppu.The preparation is known as Karadai nombu adai - the festival takes its name from the unique Kara Adai dish. It is believed that Savitri cooked such a dish and offered it to Lord Yama along with unmelted butter as a sort of thanksgiving for sparing her husband’s life. This is how Karadaiyan Nombu festival came into existence. I thank Jaishree for sharing this story in her blog. You can find that in the link below.

Source: http://jaishreesblog.blogspot.in/2008/03/karadayan-nombu.html

Click this link for Karadaiyan nombu Sweet adai & salt adai recipes using homemade rice flour  in detail with step by step pictures.

Nombu Timings

In 2017, the date of Karadaiyan Nonbu is March 14 and the time to break the fast is at between 5:00 PM and 5:33 PM (Indian Standard Time). Tie the rope at 5:33 PM. Fasting is 11 hrs for India. 

In United States, For Newark, New Jersy - The timing is : Karadaiyan Nombu Vratham 07:14 to 08:15 AM
Fast Duration = 1 Hour 1 Min
Manjal Saradu Muhurtham = 08:15 AM


For Los Angeles,USA :
Karadaiyan Nombu Vratham = 07:09 to 29:15+
Fast Duration = 22 Hours 5 Mins
Manjal Saradu Muhurtham = 29:15+

Australia Time is on March 14 at 10:03 PM . 
Singapore and Malaysia Time is 8:03 PM on March 14.
  • The USA timings are - Panguni Masam begins at 07:03 AM on March 14, 2016 Eastern Standard Time in USA
  • Begins at 06:03 AM on March 13, 2016 Central Standard Time in USA
  • Begins at 4:03 AM on March 13, 2016 Pacific Standard Time in USA
  • Begins at 5:03 AM  on March 13, 2016 Mountain Standard Time in USA
The timings mentioned here are just approximate ones taken from "The Hindu Blog" , If you are looking for accurate timings, please use the link below. Mention your city name ( Anywhere in the world) and find the timings and date. 


Please note the time of Maasi ending and Panguni starting varies from country to country. If you wish, you can consult your temple priest or check with elders or refer Panchangam. I referred The Hindu blog and asked my in-laws to confirm these timings of India. In USA,in some places, month starts at mid night. So you may not able to do the pooja at that time, you can perform it the next day early morning before sunrise i.e before 6am or in an auspicious time of that day.Women who are not able to perform this pooja on Nombu day can do this pooja on the following Tuesday or Friday in Panguni month.

 Click on this kolam to view with video
Click on this picture to view how to draw it with video :)


Ingredients required for Pooja

Click this link for Karadaiyan nombu Sweet adai & salt adai recipes using homemade rice flour  in detail with step by step pictures.

  • Rice flour paste (for drawing rangoli) – Refer my in-laws blog for kolam ideas
  • Lamps
  • Flowers
  • Betel leaves, nuts, coconut, banana
  • Rice,Legumes ( black eyed peas – We keep a mix of 9 grains) and Unmelted butter
  • Jaggery,cardamom, chilli,Ginger and seasoning ingredients for making sweet & spicy adai.
  • Camphor,Incense stick
  • Yellow rope tied with a flower in the center.
How to perform pooja

For pre preparatory work,sweep the house.Wash the lamps and keep kumkum dots on the eve of festival. Prepare the homemade rice flour, roast and keep it ready for the next day use.
On the festival day morning, we wake up early and take head bath. Draw Rangoli/Padi kolam in the entrance using rice flour paste(Maakolam) and in front of the pooja room. Roast the black eyed peas and pressure cook for one whistle.Prepare sweet adai by mixing rice flour and cooked peas in jaggery syrup.Similarly prepare salt adai too.Steam both the adai in an idli pot and set aside.After finishing the neivedyam works, decorate the pooja room. Make yellow thread by greasing a thread with turmeric powder.Tie a flower in the center of rope. The number of threads should be equal to the number of woman+girls at home along with one for Goddess Lakshmi. After decorating the pooja room, light the lamps.At the time of pooja, wear a silk saree. Keep the Nombu adai with umelted butter on top of adai in a plate. In another plate, keep the broken coconut, betel leaves,nuts and banana.In the same plate, keep the yellow ropes too.Do the neivedyam, show the dhoop & dheep. Perform Mangala aarti by chanting the slokha.

"உருகாத வெண்ணெயும் ,ஓர் அடையும் நோற்று உனக்கு நான்  வைத்தேன் ,எந்நாளும் என் கணவர் எனை விட்டு நீங்காத அருள் தருவாய்" என்று  அம்மனை நோக்கி வேண்டி நமஸ்கரிக்கவும்.

"Urukaadha Venneyum oradaiyam naan nootren
Orukkalum en kanavar ennai vittu pririyadhirukka vendum"

which means I offer butter and the rice made out of kaar arisi. Bless me that I live happily with my husband for long.

After finishing the pooja, sit in the same place and tie the yellow rope for Goddess Lakshmi and then tie a rope around your neck by yourself and tie the rope for unmarried girls around their wrist.i.e Married women should tie the thread around the neck by themselves and you can tie the thread for unmarried girls around the wrist. Sometimes I tell my husband to tie the rope for me ;) I tell him to put three knots :)If you wish, you can fall at the feet of your husband and get his blessingsHappy. After tying the rope, take one adai along with unmelted butter and eat it.Ladies should eat this adai and break the fasting.Then it should be distributed to the members of family. This is how Karadaiyan Nonbu is performed in our house. This procedure may differ as per places. Consult the elders about your family practice and do the pooja.

NOTE : The thread you tied around the Lakshmi Idol can be removed after few days once its worn out and  it should be tied to a plant or dispersed in river water. The thread tied around the women can be tied to the mangal sutra if you wish OR tie it in a plant or branch of a tree. Women who are not able to perform this pooja on Nombu day can do this pooja on the following Tuesday or Friday in Panguni month. 

Click this link for Karadaiyan nombu Sweet adai & salt adai recipes using homemade rice flour  in detail with step by step pictures.
I hope beginners would find this post useful for performing this pooja. Have a blessed day !
Thanks for visiting this page.




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35 comments :

  1. Excellent girl! Thanks for writing such an elaborate post on this Poojai!

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  2. Asusal chitra, great work,clear presentation!!!,keep it up!!!thanks..

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  3. Asusal chitra, great work,clear presentation!!!,keep it up!!!thanks..

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  4. Dedication of ur work is amazing, especially timing also u mentioned clearly for us. Superb 👍🏻

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  5. Hello Chitra,
    You have explained it really well. I live in USA and as per Central Standard Time the pooja has to be done between 11:48 PM to 12:48 AM. Is it ok to do the pooja at 12:00 AM or should I do it next day before sunrise? I am ok doing the pooja at anytime but just want to make sure if we can do pooja at 12:00 AM? I am living out of a hotel here, I will do the pooja and offer naivedyam to a pocket photo of goddess. since I am staying out of a hotel, I might have to take out the thread immediately from goddess. Is it acceptable? .Could you please help me out? Thanks again for the wonderful post.

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  6. Hi, Thanks You can do the pooja before sunrise in your place or 6am whichever is earlier. After tying the thread to the goddess, remove it and tie for yourself. No need to make a thread for you separately. There is no hard or fast rule in our celebration.Doing the pooja whole heartedly matters the most :)

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  7. Good job CHITRA. Very detailed post. Useful to all. Keep it up. One more suggestion - You can list out items to be purchased / kept ready both for pooja & neiyediam (ingredients required) in the same post in addition to the link.

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    Replies
    1. Thanks.I have shared them as ingredients list above. In that both neivedyam and pooja items are given :)

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  8. Hi Chitra, Im Nithiya Sudhakar. I have a doubt in this nonbu. I have been observing this fasting for past 2 years after getting married.last year October my husband paternal grandmom died.So my family members suggested me not to observe... Do comment on this. Is it ok?? Also what if pregnant ladies or breastfeeding ladies can observe this. Similarly can i do varalakshmi vratam this year..

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    Replies
    1. Yes till this october u should not celebrate any festivals.usually people dont celebrate any for 1 year.Pregnant and breastfeeding ladies, old people are given exceptions from fasting.They can just do the pooja without fasting.This year if varalakshmi vratam falls within october, you cannot observe it.If not you can do the pooja.Hope this helps :) Thanks.

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  9. Hi,
    Our family wore yellow thread(thaali) not in chain so shall I change my yellow thread on karadian nombu or shouldn't change on that day??

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    Replies
    1. Iam not sure about this. I will ask my MIL and msg u soon. Thanks

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    2. Sinduraj, Thaali yellow thread is generally changesd on maasi magam day. It was over on 11 march-17. check this link if you want to read. https://www.ishtadevata.com/blog/maasi-month-significance.html.

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  10. Hi, there is no practice of doing this pooja in our family. However, I would like to observe this. can I do or it should be done only if u have been doing it in ur family??

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    Replies
    1. Anyone can do this pooja. If you are interested, please go ahead :)

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    2. Thanks.In this post you have mentioned that Women who are not able to perform this pooja on Nombu day can do this pooja on the following Tuesday or Friday in Panguni month. In this case, what is the time to do pooja and the time for tying the yellow thread.

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    3. You can do at the auspicious time of the day. Avoid Rahu kalam and Yama Kandam. If you are doing before 6 AM, you don't have to look for timings.

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  11. Hi sis really appreciate your thoughts on sharing this.. 1st time going to do this pooja. Starting early in the morning we should observe fast till the stated time? And at home I'm the only one going to do this so 1 thread enough or must be 2 including goddess? Pls advise

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  12. Hi sis appreciate your thoughts on sharing this. First time going to do this pooja. Starting early in the morning we should observe fast till the stated time? I'm the only one going to do this pooja so should I tie 1 thread or 2 including the Goddess? Kindly advise

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    Replies
    1. Yes, you can observe fasting. But have some fruits, milk or juice. No need to be in empty stomach. Yes, you should keep 2 threads. One for u and one for Goddess.

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  13. Very well written and easy to follow especially for a person like me who is from a different cultural background but married to an Iyer.

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  14. Hello Chitra, Thanks for the detailed post. Could you please let me know the time to tie the thread in US. I am confused about the timings as people here mention that it is between 8:00 AM to 8:20 AM EST.

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    Replies
    1. Please check this link : http://www.drikpanchang.com/festivals/karadaiyan-nombu/karadaiyan-nombu-date-time.html?year=2017
      You can give the city name and year to know the pooja date. For Newark, New Jersy - The timing is : Karadaiyan Nombu Vratham = 07:14 to 08:15
      Fast Duration = 1 Hour 1 Min
      Manjal Saradu Muhurtham = 08:15
      I will mention this point in my post as well. Thanks !

      Delete
  15. Thank you so much for this useful explanation very neatly written and clear :)

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  16. Thanks a lot. Appreciate your efforts.

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  17. Hi Chitra, thanks a lot for sharing about nombu procedure...it really helped me to arrange in a perfect manner as this is my 1st time....Thanks again :)

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  18. Glad to know. Thank you so much 😊

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